106年9月號「文‧物」:第三十八屆全國比較文學會議專輯

2019-07-15

第四十六卷 第三期 總458 中華民國106年9月
Vol.46 No.3 September 2017

《中外文學》九月號「『文‧物』:第三十八屆全國比較文學會議專輯」,共收錄了七篇精彩的學術論文。張小虹聚焦於2014年太陽花佔領立法院運動,將「汗味民主T」由「物件」轉化為「物-件」,產生運動現場物質性與非物質性的情動連結,探討「汗味民主T」作為「分子化運動」的可能;張瓊惠檢視英國小說家/評論家戴維‧洛奇(David Lodge)的小說《想……》(Think. . .)如何探索「人類意識」與「感質」,並重新檢討人文及科學對立的「兩種文化之爭」;蔡振興由拉圖爾(Bruno Latour)和阿萊茉(Stacy Alaimo)的理論視角切入,探索美國小說家鮑爾斯(Richard Powers)小說《獲利》(Gain)中的互物性與跨身體性;黃宗慧透過路易斯‧卡若爾(Lewis Carroll)的《愛麗絲》(Alice books),重新思考近來興起的人-動物組配論,並探究文本中人與動物關係所產生的倫理意義;蘇秋華從媒體考古學的觀點重探狄更斯(Charles Dickens)的鬼魂敘事,說明維多利亞時期召魂術與電報不但瓦解了以人為中心的「作者」概念,同時也重塑了鬼;許綺玲回顧羅蘭巴特(Roland Barthes)關於文本、文與物、文與器等相關論點,梳理其文本生成歷程及意義,並指出文本生成學如何能打破文本的單一主體性以及主體/客體的分立;高鈺昌則以國立臺灣歷史博物館〈島嶼‧地動‧重生:921地震十五周年特展〉的展示物件為例,闡釋自然災難下的剩餘物如何呈現出物與歷史、常民生命間的各種可能對話。

另外,《中外文學》已收錄於Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science Core Collection)這項國際資料庫引文索引中。獲選入Emerging Sources Citation Index(簡稱ESCI)的期刊與Web of Science Core Collection所屬之期刊享有同樣之能見度,而這也是目前新申請期刊在收錄於該核心資料庫群組所屬之旗艦性引文索引(flagship Citation Indices,例如A&HCI或SSCI)之前的一道必經評估程序。《中外》的ESCI收錄將涵蓋所有於2017年出版的內容(亦即包括已於六月號和三月號刊登的文章)。相關詳細訊息與說明請見由總編輯蕭立君執筆之本期〈編輯室報告〉。

中外文學九月號目錄
Contents

編輯室報告
Editorial Note

  • 蕭立君╱編輯室報告
    Li-Chun Hsiao╱Editorial Note

弁言
Introduction

  • 邱漢平、林宜玲(專輯主編)╱弁言
    Hanping Chiu and Yi-ling Lin, Guest Editors╱Introduction

張小虹╱ 運動齊物論:物-件與民主

運動齊物論
物-件與民主

 

張小虹*

摘要

當代物論方興未艾,其中不少努力乃在嘗試思考「物」與「民主」的關連,相繼提出「物導向民主」、「物的議會」、「民主唯物論」等概念,企圖創造「集會」與「集結」之間的滑動、人與非人之間的情動。而本文則嘗試聚焦於2014年台灣太陽花佔領立法院運動的特定抗爭物件,如何有可能從「物件」作為運動當下「質量體」的集中管理分配與運動退場後的分類建檔典藏,轉化到「物-件」做為「分子化運動」的流變之力與平等之思,一方面嘗試與當代物論中「物的議會」、「物導向民主」等概念產生歧議,一方面亦希冀由此開展出太陽花佔領立法院運動作為基進「民主」與「平等」思考的美學政治。
論文將分成四個部份進行。第一部份將從一件號稱「汗味民主T」的網路拍賣開始談起,嘗試在運動T恤的「書寫表面」與「身體界面」分析之外,開展出從抗爭主訴求「捍衛民主」作為運動理念、到同音異字「汗味民主」作為運動「體現」之連續變化。第二部份則企圖進一步從作為「質量體」的運動T恤逃逸,不再是「物形」T恤穿在「人形」參與者的身上,而是運動現場物質性與非物質性的情動連結,亦即「汗味民主T」作為「分子化運動」的可能。主要將藉由德勒茲的「纖維」概念,將棉布的吸溼物質性,轉換到棉紗纖維的「物質-運動」,再開展出「纖維」作為邊界連結、創造與流變的思考,讓「汗味民主T」能從運動標語的「書寫表面」、運動參與的「身體界面」開展到運動本身「流變-纖維」的思考,並由此推向太陽花運動作為「纖維網絡」分子流變與基進平等的可能。第三部份則回到當代物論中有關「物」與「民主」的連結,探討拉圖、班妮特等人對「民主唯物論」的貢獻與侷限。第四部份則嘗試帶入巴特勒深具政治抗爭戰鬥力的「危命集結」概念,將「民主唯物論」推向「民主危物論」,來同時連結《莊子‧ 齊物論》中「吹萬不同」的「有情而無形」與史賓諾莎、德勒茲的「情動」,以「身體易受性」作為平等的基進預設──任何人事物皆在施受的關係網絡之中,任何人事物皆能施、能受、能流變轉化,以展開太陽花佔領立法院運動最終作為「民主齊物論」的思考潛能。

◎關鍵詞:民主,平等,物,情動,太陽花佔領立法院運動,危命

★國立臺灣大學外國語文學系教授。

Hsiao-hung Chang╱Equality in Movement: Thing-Event and Democracy

Equality in Movement
Thing-Event and Democracy

Hsiao-hung Chang*

Abstract

Contemporary critical discourses on things are on the rise, among which many endeavors are spent on exploring the relationship between “things” and “democracy.” Concepts, such as “thing-oriented democracy,” “parliament of things,” “the materialist theory of democracy,” have been ardently proposed by critics one after another in efforts to create the conceptual slippage between “the assembly” and “the assemblage,” and the affective linkage between the human and the non-human. This article attempts to follow these tendencies by focusing on the things of protest in the Sunflower Occupy the Legislative Yuan Movement that took place in spring 2014 in Taiwan to map out the transforming possibilities of these protest things from the “molar” to the “molecular,” from their centralized management, distribution, classification and archivation to their disruptive forces of becoming and radical equality when de-territorialized as the molecular movement of a “thing-event.” The present article tries to initiate disagreements with the concepts of “parliament of things,” “democracy of things,” and so forth on the one hand, and to unfold on the other hand the politics of aesthetics of the Sunflower Occupy the Legislative Yuan Movement as a radical rethinking of “democracy” and “equality.”
This article is divided into four parts. Part I takes the internet auction of a so-called “Sweat Smell Democracy T-shirt” as a point of departure to explore the continuous transformation from the “idea” of “Defending Democracy” to the “embodiment” of “Sweat Smell Democracy” in light of the witty use of “defending” and “sweat smell” as homonyms in Chinese, together with the analysis of the T-shirt as both the “writing surface” and the “bodily interface” of the movement. Part II takes a line of flight from the protest T-shirt as a “molar” entity of a material-form to a “molecular” movement of “sweat smell.” The “fiber” theorized by Gilles Deleuze is adopted here to map out how the absorptive materiality of cotton cloth is transformed into the “material-movement” of the cotton yard fiber, how the Deleuzian “fiber” is further evolved into the thinking of border connection, creativity and becoming, and how the Sunflower Occupy the Legislative Yuan Movement can be radicalized as the molecular becoming of “fiber network.” The “Sweat Smell Democracy T-shirt” can thus be approached from the “writing surface” of movement slogans, the “bodily interface” of movement participation, and ultimately to the “becoming-fiber” of the movement itself. Part III returns to the central concern of the article—the relation between “things” and “democracy”—by bringing in the critical discourses on “parliament of things” by Bruno Latour and on the “materialist theory of democracy” by Jane Bennett, and discuss respectively their contributions and limitations. Part IV takes the politically empowered concept of “precarious assemblage” proposed by Judith Butler to radicalize the “materialist theory of democracy” as the “precarious thing theory of democracy” (again “materialist” and “precarious thing” are homonyms in Chinese). Butler’s concepts will further be connected with Zhuang-zi’s “’Blowing the myriad differences” and “Having affect without forms,” together with Baruch Spinoza’s and Deleuze’s concept of “affect,” to make “bodily vulnerability” as the radical presupposition of equality—humans and nonhuman are all involved in the relational network of affectivity; each has the capacity to affect, to be affected, and to become. In light of this radical presupposition, the Sunflower Occupy the Legislative Yuan Movement in Taiwan will thus be explored as a movement endowed with the ultimate potential for “Democratic Equality.”

◎Keywords: democracy, equality, thing, affect, Sunflower Occupy the Legislative Yuan Movement, precarity

★Professor, Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, National Taiwan University.

張瓊惠╱意識黑箱與「兩種文化之爭」: 論戴維‧洛奇的《想⋯⋯》

意識黑箱與「兩種文化之爭」
論戴維‧洛奇的《想⋯⋯

張瓊惠*

摘要
英國小說家/文學評論家戴維‧洛奇認為人類意識是充滿神秘、奧妙、難以探知究竟的黑箱。九○年代中期,因為許多科學新知的盛行及跨領域研究的興起,戴維‧洛奇的文學創作與研究中也陸續出現許多探索科學的內容,例如意識與感質、人工智慧與機器人等,其中又以再現藝術與科學這「兩種文化之爭」尤為精彩。本文將從科學邏輯以及文學分析的視角,檢視《想⋯⋯》如何探索「人類意識」與「感質」,指出「兩種文化之爭」不只呈現在洛奇的單一文本內,也再現在洛奇的跨文本間,以及小說的虛構世界和洛奇的真實人生,以此再次檢討人文及科學對立的問題。論文分為兩個部分,首先是檢視戴維‧洛奇如何在《想⋯⋯》這本小說中,分別用文學和科學架起兩個平台,去探索人類意識及感質的神祕世界;其次是洛奇如何用不同的文類,如評論、小說、戲劇、座談會等,去呈現「兩種文化之爭」。論文最後探討洛奇對兩種文化之爭的態度,以及化解這「兩種文化之爭」的可能策略。

◎關鍵詞:戴維‧洛奇,《想⋯⋯》,《意識與小說》,《私密想法》,人類意識,感質,兩種文化之爭,人工智慧

★ 國立臺灣師範大學英語學系教授。

Joan Chiung-huei Chang╱Black Box of Human Consciousness and“Two Cultures Dispute”: Reading David Lodge’s Thinks. . .

Black Box of Human Consciousness and“Two Cultures Dispute”
Reading David Lodge’s Thinks. . .

Joan Chiung-huei Chang*

Abstract
English writer and critic David Lodge considers human consciousness as an enigmatic and inscrutable “black box.” Influenced by the blooming scientific advancements and acclaim for interdisciplinary studies, scientific topics, such as consciousness, qualia, artificial intelligence and robots, frequently appear in Lodge’s creative writings and literary criticism; a distinct example among them is his writing about the Two Cultures Dispute between arts and science. This study applies perspectives from scientific analytics and literary criticism to understand Lodge’s exploration of human consciousness and qualia in his works, so as to unfold their intra-textual and inter-textual representations of the Two Cultures Dispute. There are mainly two parts in this study: the first examines the Two Cultures Dispute represented in Lodge’s novel Thinks. . .; the second displays the Two Cultures Dispute realized by an inter-textual juxtaposition of Lodge’s novel, literary criticism, drama and also his participation in a forum. The study aims to disclose Lodge’s comments on the Two Culture Disputes and his proposed solution to this long-term argument.

◎Keywords: David Lodge, Thinks. . .Consciousness and the NovelSecret Thoughts, human consciousness, qualia, Two Cultures Dispute, artificial intelligence

★Professor, Department of English, National Taiwan Normal University.

蔡振興╱互物性和跨身體性:鮑爾斯《獲利》的政治生態學

互物性和跨身體性
鮑爾斯《獲利》的政治生態學

蔡振興*

摘要

美國小說家鮑爾斯(Richard Powers)在《獲利》(Gain)一書追溯萊斯伍(Lacewood)這個小鎮的崛起,而且小說也透過「遠近透視法」對蘿菈(Laura Brodey)在花園工作、家庭以及離不開克萊兒國際公司(Clare International)的「田園」生活作深描,直到蘿菈罹癌,田園生活嘎然而止。小說發展分為兩條主線:一是克萊兒國際公司如何在這個小鎮發跡以及該公司在開發的過程中有汙染環境的案例發生,另一是蘿菈的日常生活和物件之間的關係。從法國社會學家拉圖爾(Bruno Latour)的角度來看,鮑爾斯的小說提出一個重要的問題:我們從未「叩問物件」所扮演的角色為何?對拉圖爾而言,行動者或行動體(actors/actants)和環境之間的關係並非兩條平行線,毫無相交或重疊之處;原先被視為「理所當然」(matter of fact)其實是關心重點(matter of concern)和照顧重點(matter of care)。本文嘗試結合拉圖爾的物件理論和阿萊茉(Stacy Alaimo)的「跨身體性」(transcorporeality)來檢視克萊兒國際公司、蘿菈和毒物三者是如何形成「互物性」(interobjectivity)。透過拉圖爾的政治生態學,本文重審鮑爾斯小說筆下的資本主義所製造的毒物是如何透過「慢性暴力」的方式,悄然侵入身體和環境中。

◎關鍵詞:鮑爾斯,《獲利》,跨身體性,互物性,拉圖爾,政治生態學,毒物論述

★ 淡江大學英文學系教授兼系主任。

Robin Chen-Hsing Tsai╱Interobjectivity and Transcorporeality: Political Ecology in Richard Powers’s Gain

Interobjectivity and Transcorporeality
Political Ecology in Richard Powers’s Gain

Robin Chen-Hsing Tsai*

Abstract

In Richard Powers’s Gain, the small town of Lacewood abruptly rises up as a matter of course; the author uses a far-and-near perspective to sketch the rural life of Laura Brodey working in her garden, her home and as well the ever present “garden” of Clare International up until the point that Laura suddenlycontracts cancer. The narrative develops along two important lines: one is the rise of Claire and in the process of development one case of environmental pollution that happens; the second is the relationship between the daily life of Laura and the objects she comes in contact with. For this study, the main issue of the story is “What role do the objects we have never inquired into play?” Latour holds that the actors/actants and the environment are not two parallel lines. He also says that what originally was considered “a matter of fact” is actually a “matter of concern” and then a “matter of care.” This paper combines Latour’s object theory and Stacy Alaimo’s theory of transcorporeality so that the reader can reread Powers’s novel and the implications of the toxicants produced by capitalism that utilizes slow violence to cunningly invade the body and the environment.

◎Keywords: Richard Powers, Gain, transcorporeality, interobjectivity, Bruno Latour, political ecology, object theory

★Professor and Chair, Department of English, Tamkang University.

黃宗慧╱化人新世紀? 以《愛麗絲》為鏡/徑重省人-動物組配論

化人新世紀?
以《愛麗絲》為鏡/徑重省人-動物組配論

黃宗慧*

摘要

化人主義在動物研究的領域裡一直是個頗爭議的概念,將動物化人到底有助於喚起共感,還是會淪為一廂情願的投射?不同立場的論辯雖仍持續著,但近來隨著行動者網絡理論的盛行,已有越來越多研究者注意到,化人主義未必有礙動物倫理的推展,如班尼特(Jane Bennett)即力主化人主義的正面價值,認為當我們承認非人的物也有能動性時,在新的科技發展協助下,這種化人主義將有助我們聆聽與回應由物所提出的主張、所發出的異議;而面對環境生態的種種問題時,對能動性的肯定也應能讓我們更細膩地去分析:在人與非人的組配中,每個參與者各自扮演了什麼角色。當化人主義被如此推崇時,人與動物關係是否也隨之進入了一番值得期待的新局?本論文將取徑路易斯‧卡若爾(Lewis Carroll)的《愛麗絲》(Alice books),透過這兩本與達爾文(Charles Darwin)投下演化論震撼彈同一時期、且書中充斥化人動物的文學作品,探討目前興起的人-動物組配論為人與動物關係的思考及動物倫理研究帶來甚麼樣的開創性或疑義,而其中的疑義,又是否和以物為導向的趨勢有關?除了透過文本詮釋來進行對於相關理論概念的釐清與反思,本論文亦將討論:從什麼樣的角度來探討愛麗絲故事中的人與動物關係將有助於凸顯其中的倫理意義,而不只是停留在歌頌「物的民主」的階段?

◎關鍵詞:化人主義,人-動物組配,行動者網絡理論,《愛麗絲》,共同演化

★國立臺灣大學外國語文學系教授。

Tsung-huei Huang╱Toward a New Age of Anthropomorphism? Reconsidering the Human-Animal Assemblage through the Looking-glass of Alice Books

Toward a New Age of Anthropomorphism?
Reconsidering the Human-Animal Assemblage through the Looking-glass of Alice Books

Tsung-huei Huang*

Abstract
     Although it is still debatable whether anthropomorphism simply presents a vision of animals based on human’s distortive unilateral projection, with the advent of Actor-Network theory (abbreviated as ANT), more and more critics start to assume that it grants legitimacy to our empathizing with nonhuman animals. Jane Bennett, for instance, acknowledging all nonhuman bodies as members of a public, contends that animals, vegetables, minerals, like humans, are all actants participating in the same assemblage. Moreover, she alleges that with the aid of new procedures and technologies, we will even be able to consult nonhumans more closely, to learn to listen to their propositions and respond more carefully to their objections. This paper seeks to inquire whether the human-animal assemblage, endorsed by critics like Bennett, Bruno Latour and Donna Haraway, does indeed promise interspecies intimacy between humans and animals. Using Lewis Carroll’s Alice books as a case in point, this article attempts to illustrate whether and/or how the notion of assemblage may shed light on our co-evolution with animals. It will also unearth the significance of animal ethics in Alice Books, lest we prematurely celebrate the “democracy of objects” upheld by ANT scholars and other like-minded theorists.

◎Keywords: anthropomorphism, human-animal assemblage, Actor-Network theory, Alice books, co-evolution

★Professor, Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, National Taiwan University.

蘇秋華╱扣擊者、電報員、鬼:從媒體考古討論狄更斯的鬼魂敘事

扣擊者、電報員、鬼
從媒體考古討論狄更斯的鬼魂敘事

蘇秋華*

摘要
在前啟蒙概念中的「鬼」仍具有人的個體性,即,肉身死去後,鬼仍保有生前的記憶與人格特質,故可被視為是記憶與性格的殘存;然而十九世紀的召魂術與電報技術有助於我們從物質性的角度來重新檢視鬼,在本論文中我將嘗試說明從新的「靈的技術」所產生出來的鬼,不再是個體生命的殘留,而是一種非線性、非個體的流。
本論文將取徑媒體考古學的方法,說明維多利亞時期召魂術與電報不但瓦解了以人為中心的「作者」概念,同時也重塑了鬼。狄更斯對當時傳憶技術的痴迷更反映在其鬼魂敘事當中,我將透過《聖誕鈴聲》、〈鬼訪的男人與鬼魅交易〉,以及〈號誌員〉來說明其作品中靈的技術如何形塑現代的鬼。

◎關鍵詞:媒體考古學,電報,召魂術,狄更斯,鬼,傳憶技術

★ 東吳大學英文學系副教授。

Chiu-Hua Su╱Rappers, Telegraphists, and Ghosts: Rereading the Ghost Stories of Charles Dickens via Media Archaeology

The Silent Cry
The Im/possibility of Witnessing the Life That Remains in the Kinkaseki POW Camp

Tsung-hua Yang*

Abstract
As the “spectre of the self,” the ghost implies the individuality of a person in the pre-Reformation era. After the decease of the body, the ghost still keeps the memory and personality of the deceased person. Therefore, it can be regarded as the remains of their traits and personhood. In this paper, I would like to point out that ghosts are produced by the “technologies of spirit.” The nineteenth century spiritualism and telegraph, I will argue, are the new technologies that produce ghosts which are similar to a non-linear, nonindividual, and non-human flow.
Adopting the method of media archaeology, I will trace how the “technologies” of spiritualism and telegraph decentralized both authorship and anthropocentrism. Hand in hand, they went so far to restructure the modern ghost. Moreover, often noted for his craze for cutting-edge technologies, Charles Dickens wrote his ghost stories with Victorian hypomnemata in mind. In this essay, A Christmas Carol, “The Haunted Man and the Ghost’s Bargain,” and “The Signal-Man” will be investigated to illustrate how the individuality and personality that used to indicate old ghosts have been liquidized and dehumanized into a flow of modern ghosts.

◎Keywords: media archaeology, telegraph, spiritualism, Charles Dickens, ghosts, hypomnemata

★Associate Professor, Department of English Language and Literature, Soochow University.

許綺玲╱羅蘭巴特的講學教材:文本生成研究對文本觀之啟悟

羅蘭巴特的講學教材
文本生成研究對文本觀之啟悟

許綺玲*

摘要
羅蘭巴特(Roland Barthes, 1915-1980)向來關注文本、文與物、文與器等議題;今日重新回顧及整理其相關論點,或許有助於了解他慎重思考過的講課態度與教學方法。在他去世後,他所留下的講課備稿、文章草稿、筆記、資料卡、檔案夾等資料形成了豐富的個人文物,多年來,經由文本生成學分析、考究,已成為進一步研究巴特書寫的材料。其中最重要的編整出版成果,即為他在高等研究應用學院和法蘭西學院的教學講綱,這是以撰書、出版為動機所採行的備課方法和教學的實踐。本論文從回顧這些講綱的生成與他對講學的思考切入,來闡釋以下三點:一、教學與書寫主體的角色倫理反思,二、巴特所珍重的生活之道,三、我們從他的備課與講學的歷程中所揣摹、領會到的文本生成歷程及其意義,以及一種不為固定形制所絕對定義的「文‧物」啟示。

◎關鍵詞:羅蘭巴特,文物/文本,文本之生成,講課,身體,嗓音

★ 國立中央大學法文系教授。

Chi-Lin Hsu╱Toward a New Perspective on the Text: Roland Barthes’s Reflections on His Commitment to Teaching

Toward a New Perspective on the Text
Roland Barthes’s Reflections on His Commitment to Teaching

Chi-Lin Hsu*

Abstract
 If we admit that multiple potentialities should be considered in interpreting polar themes, such as writing-materialtext-thingart-objectvalue-support, it is time to reconsider a certain problematic related to these themes that interested Roland Barthes, particularly with reference to the archives he left after his death in 1980, including his manuscripts, notes, cards, folios, and so on. In recent years, the proponents of genetic critical study continue to propose enlightening reflections on these documents. After a brief survey of some of his remarks that show his contributions to theoretical fields about these polar themes, the present study focuses on Barthes’ teaching career, expressly in order to consider his preparatory process for seminary teaching (EPHE) and conferences (College de France). In both cases he intended to realize a book publication at the end of each term. Thus, it is instructive for us to follow a triple interrogation: first, about his self-reflection on the ethical role of writing “Subject” in a collaborative team work between teacher and students; secondly, about the art of life defined by the author; and finally, about a non-definitively formable Text that may just be progressively suggested throughout his communicative, bodily involved teaching experiences, and these experiences may be proved to be correspondent, in a parallel and metaphoric way, to the process and the perspective of the genetic critique.

◎Keywords: Roland Barthes, Text/material support, textual genesis, teaching, body, voice

★Professor, Department of French, National Central University.

高鈺昌╱災難展示下的物件生命史:以國立臺灣歷史博物館的921地震十五周年特展為例

災難展示下的物件生命史
以國立臺灣歷史博物館的921地震十五周年特展為例

高鈺昌*

摘要
本文以國立臺灣歷史博物館〈島嶼‧地動‧重生:921地震十五周年特展〉的展示物件為例,說明在自然災難下的剩餘物,如何在個人以及不同的社會空間中,展演出物的生命史(biography of things)軌跡。
本文以展示中的兩群物件,作為主要分析的對象。首先以台中匠寮巷的物件為例,從物、剩餘物、文物、展示物件至展示語言,匠寮巷的物的生命史所形成的各種「接觸的場域」(contact zones),即是非文化與文化、非文物與文物、自然與文化、常民歷史研究與傳統歷史研究、地方歷史與台灣歷史,相互辯證與轉化後所形成的獨特場域。
另以展示中的南投敦本堂文物和後嗣現今自作的木製常民物品為例,本文以為,在既有的文物體系框定,以及博物館以文物作為展示主體的概念外,思考各種「文物」與「非‧文物」間的對位關係,不但能延伸出文物的多重意義,更能創造歷史與當下縫合的空間,且能開展更多展示敘事的豐富性,並呈現出物與歷史、常民生命間的各種可能對話。

◎關鍵詞:物的生命史,物質文化,常民文化,921地震,博物館展示

★ 國立成功大學台灣文學系博士。

Yu-Chang Kao╱The Biography of Things in the Disaster Exhibits: A Case Study of “ISLAND‧QUAKE‧REBIRTH: 15th Anniversary Exhibition of 921 Earthquake”

The Biography of Things in the Disaster Exhibits
A Case Study of “ISLAND‧QUAKE‧REBIRTH: 15th Anniversary Exhibition of 921 Earthquake”

Yu-Chang Kao*

Abstract
As 2014 marked the fifteenth anniversary of the 921 Earthquake, National Museum of Taiwan History held an exhibition called “ISLAND‧QUAKE‧REBIRTH: 15th Anniversary Exhibition of 921 Earthquake.” Studying the objects displayed in the exhibit, this paper examines their “biographies” and attempts to discuss how these post-disaster “wastes” form narratives in public and private spaces.
The paper is divided into two parts. The first part examines how things turn from waste, cultural relics, to public exhibits, by studying the biographies of the household objects in the Jiangliau Lane in Taichung. The second part studies another example, the well-known mansion, Dunben Tang in Nantou, and argues that the presence of “non-cultural relic” in public exhibits can not only expand the meaning of cultural exhibition and historical exhibition, but also bridge the gap between the present and the past.

◎Keywords: biography of things, material culture, folk culture, 921 Earthquake, museum exhibitions

★ Ph.D., Department of Taiwanese Literature, National Cheng Kung University.

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